4.6.1-3: Northern Ireland

Module 4, Section 6.1-3

Northern Ireland

6.1 In 1920, Ireland was granted home rule, but the six counties of Ulster, with a Protestant, pro-British majority, remained in the United Kingdom. There has been continuing conflict in Northern Ireland since the 1950s.

6.2 Similar to the case of Kashmir, rather than one or the other side having exclusive rule, Ireland and the United Kingdom could have joint sovereignty over Northern Ireland, with domestic self-government by a confederation of the Irish and the British Unionists. The payment of rent by all holders of land would implement a land reform that would compensate the whole population for the use of the land by the titleholders.

6.3 This would be an extension of the "Good Friday" peace settlement of 1998, which was approved by the voters and honored by a Nobel Peace Prize for the party leaders. But instead of one assembly, there would be three: one for the Irish, one for the British, and one for the confederation. Having their own government for domestic policy should satisfy the desire of both sides to avoid domination by the British or Irish, and joint sovereignty would let the Irish in Northern Ireland be citizens of Ireland while the Protestants could be citizens of the U.K.