A Nigerian Man's Concern Regarding Women and Land
Women and Land by Liberty Oseni in Nigeria
Expanding women's right to use land is fundamental to battle food
shortage and penury. Nevertheless, gender differences to gain access
to land is still a big issues in virtually all the countries in the
world particularly Africa and this no doubt impedes development both
in rural and urban cities.
Land axiomatically, makes it available for rural dwellers to have
essential needs for survival and market making. Land gives out what
all humans need to live and be alive. Even as countries all over are
embracing industrial goods and rural earnings focus less on
agriculture, land no doubt dominates vital resources for global
existence both in rural and urban cities.
Event of year 2006-2008 food cost challenges becomes a testament of
the social and economic implication of women’s minimal access to land
as this no doubt metamorphosised into unduly larger welfare sufferings
of female-headed households. The harmful effect on food safety was
large as these households (women) spend a larger part of their
earnings on food.
Issues on gender inequality in land right and access to land is
all-encompassing particularly in Africa where it has become a norm to
deny women access to land. Women do not only have minimal access to
land compare to their male counterpart, they face restriction to land
right, most women can only access land if allowed to do so by family
members through consensus. In most African countries, Women lose
entitlements to land when divorced and if she becomes a widow. Even
when women are allowed to hold a portion of land, they always have a
small portion of land allocated to them and in most cases this portion
is not always enough for them in the case of women farmers.
In recourse to international assessment of agricultural survey, it
shows that fewer than 20% of landholders are women. This revelation is
dismal in Western Central Africa, East and North Africa where it was
found that fewer than 10% of landholders are women. In Asia, the
percentage varies just in a small figure, though the case of Eastern
and Southern Africa and in parts of Latin America, presents a
difference here as women appear to have better access to land.
Most of the efforts geared towards solving this injustice facing
women seem not to have yielded fruit. The sufficing example of Vietnam
that kicked off in 1998 stands here where the government of Vietnam
gave relatively right to land to women who have previously farmed in
the land. Unfortunately, even when there is statute that gives women
access and right to land in some countries including Will their access
to land and land rights has shown to be difficult to attain. All the
factors impeding women’s right to land must be addressed as their
denial of access and right to land has global socio-political,
economic and cultural implication.
In all sense of aphorism and axiomatic assertion, giving women access
to land will be a commanding means to battle poverty and hunger.
Under the economic trend, if something drastically is not done to curb
the denial of women access to land and use of land especially the
rural women who are mostly farmers, the tendency is that we may face
another serious food scarcity in the nearest possible time particularly in Africa where most of the rural income is on farming and women contribute 80% to 85% of agricultural produce in these rural communities and also transported to urban cities for consumption.
Thus moves to tackle these injustice women go through as regards access and
right to land must be a global concern to all. The same way climate
change attracts global interests, so also women right and access to
land must attract global interest.