Report of Earth Day Event at Jean Jacques Rousseau, Togo Class
Earth Day Conference Report, Togo
Introduction Conference-debate originally scheduled March 21 (2011) at the school complex Jean Jacques Rousseau took place in two stages. It took place March 23 at the college MAKAFUI, located in the suburbs northwest of Lome. The second took place on March 24 School Complex Jean Jacques Rousseau. Week of March 21 was marked for the cultural week activities in schools. At the conference program was provided several points including: the context of Earth Rights Institute, How are courses run by the institute, the 20th of March, a few definitions, and the two themes of the day: Emergency Protection Environmental & land ownership and poverty.
Panel discussion on certain topics by Earth Rights Institute with the class of terminal and faculty of the school complex Jean Jacques Rousseau.
Context of Earth Rights Institute -The Institute was founded in 2002 by Alanna Hortzok Anie Goeke and then record in Pennsylvania and California with the first partners in Senegal and Côte d'Ivoire. The Institute's mission is to fight for the protection of the environment of peace and the eradication of poverty. - The Institute provides online courses on land rights and environmental resources. - Courses are available on the Institute website: http://www.course.earthrights.net - The courses are diversified in the field of land rights. - Example of progress: land ownership and poverty, land prices and rental right. How are courses run by the Institute
Earth Rights Institute hosts a number of courses. Courses are taught mainly in English. There is a facilitator for the class of Nigeria, another for the class of the Pacific based in Australia, and the same course will soon be hosted in Spanish from Costa Rica. Most others are facilitated by Alanna Hartzok, co-director of the institute based in Pennsylvania USA. The institute has an office in California, which deals with eco village and sustainable development, with the Eco village Training Center in Dakar, Senegal.
The day 20 March
It is an international day celebrated around the world. The 20th March is the day when darkness and light are equal is to say the day and night are equal in time. In the West it is the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and autumn in the southern hemisphere. It's the Equinox. It is the day the earth. 20 March is a day of peace. The Peace Bell at United Nations in New York rang at 7:21 p.m., March 20 local time. That is a Symbol of equality and justice. This is the 41st anniversary of the World day. In ancient China it was the beginning of the New Year.
- Environment? Complex medium (which contains several items), both artificial and natural, in which man lives Example. Trees, bikes and cars, houses, factories.
- Ecology? It is the science that studies the relationships between plants, animals and their physical and biological (life science, which is subdivided into different levels: molecule, cell, organism and population).
- Ecosystem? All living and nonliving elements that constitute a natural environment and interact with each other.
All of these terms of environment, ecology, ecosystem are used to designate or study that exists on planet earth. This is the first base that contains all the studied by these sciences.
- Eco Village?
An ecovillage (or eco-village, eco-rise, eco-hamlet) is a community, generally rural, with a view to self-sufficiency varies from one project to another and based on an alternative economic model. Ecology is also a prominent place. The priority is indeed to give a more balanced man in harmony with its environment, in respect of these ecosystems. The basic principle is to not take from the earth more than we can return.
Urgency of Environmental Protection - What is the environment? - Why is it important to protect the environment? - How to be an environment? - How is the environment in our midst (Lomé)? -What are the consequences of a polluted environment in the life of man.
Land ownership and poverty:
Who owns the land in Togo?
In our country Togo, the land belongs to local communities as well indicates the title of our National Anthem "Land of our forefathers." While the land belongs to local (first occupant of the land), it is also true that today some communities no longer own their land. These communities have sold all their land or were dispossessed of their land. The land in Togo has incalculable value. Most disputes that manage the judiciary Togolese land. It is a recurrent phenomenon in our country. In Togo, the statistics of land ownership do not exist or they are kept secret.
Who owns the land in Benin?
Land ownership is controversial in Benin. It is claimed by both parties of the nation's population and the state. This problem stems from the French colonial practice. The French colonist early on developed a technical mechanism and legal management of the land of its colonies. Before the arrival of white, Benin was an empire whose inalienable property of the land was recognized sovereign who held the divine power. Who owns the land in Burkina Faso?
In Burkina Faso, according to some sources before the Agrarian Reform Land Reform (RAF) set up in 1984 and revised in 1991 and 1996 the land belonged to communities and even before colonization. Today the same land problem arises in Burkina Faso as in the other two countries we have just reviewed. Reform stated that the land belongs to the state. This reform has limits in its application.
How the land is a source of poverty?
The Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) ActionAid denounced Tuesday, February 8, 2011 in Dakar, grabbing farmland in Africa by foreign governments and companies. Soren Ambrose of the agricultural sector responsible for ActionAid International Kenya, at an event organized as part of the 10th World Social Forum of the Francophonie states:
"The acquisition of land is not an entirely new phenomenon, but it has grown with the arrival of the food crisis that occurred in 2008.... One of the clearest examples is that of an American who has had to buy himself a million acres in Sudan."
It's surprising. We do not know what the law says African states for land acquisition by foreigners. The NGO ActionAid International denounced the fraudulent acquisition of land by companies producing biofuels that have taken large tracts of land in Africa to cultivate jatropha.
In the newspaper the Net entitled "Agricultural colonization, new preserve of rich countries" and published January 14, 2010, we read: "Despite its vastness, China continues to see its cropland decrease. So, she buys every wind of land abroad and would own 2.1 million hectares in South America, Africa, Southeast Asia and Australia. This is an illustration of a growing phenomenon: states or private equity funds that seized thousands of acres of usable land outside their borders."
China (State / ZTE. Telecommunication company) alone has rented or purchased in Africa only 2.9 million of land surfaces in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon and Zimbabwe. According to this newspaper in Ethiopia, one hectare of arable land is rented to 1.50 euro per annum and the Indian firm Karuturi grown in the country and more than 300 000 hectares of maize, rice, oil palm, sugarcane and vegetables . It must be said that conditions are attractive: nonexistent regulations, governments sometimes little regard has described the newspaper.
Who owns the user?
If the question: who owns the land in Togo, is put to a Togolese. The answer is clear: the rich families. Who are these families? These families have the political power of the country. They represent what proportion of the population of Togo?
• 60% of El Salvador is owned by the wealthy - (2% of population) • 80% of Pakistan is owned by the wealthy - (3% of population) • 74% of Britain is owned by the richest, they represent 2% of the population.
But we will make an effort of reflection to know who owns it all even if we do not know who owns the game. According to a narrative study of the earth and race Kevin Cahill we read, the only individual who is the legal owner of about one sixth of the planet earth for a total of 6,600 million hectares is Queen Elizabeth II. If alone, has the sixth of the planet earth and we are almost 7 billion souls on earth, we can conclude that the world belongs to an individual not to individuals. We must be careful to protect our natural resources for the earth is a gift from God.
On March 23, 2011 took place in the Establishment MAKAFUI, as part of the celebration of Earth Day which is March 20, the panel discussion moderated by some students of the Class of Togo Earth Rights Institute . Two themes were discussed and exposed the first of which is: Context Earth Rights Institute and the second the urgency of environmental protection. The first theme was introduced by Mr. M. Cossy IHOU, Technician Electrical Engineering. This took place from 10:00 a.m. to 10:40. During his presentation, he explained to his audience, composed of teachers and students about the Institute, its founders, its mission, its actions and courses it provides to its students. After his presentation, questions were put to him. He provided answers with the help of his colleague, Mr. Kossi A. OGOUVI.
The second theme: The urgency of environmental protection was discussed by Mr. Kossi A. OGOUVI, Sociologist. The debate lasted one hour that is to say from 11:00 to 12:00. He adopted during his presentation a question and answer method that made his audience involved. It was done by small questions to the students. He spoke in response to the urgency of protecting the environment. He urged his audience to change behavior, in order to preserve the environment degradation and natural disasters.
He also asked during his debate students to collect garbage especially plastics, which were lying in the yard. He asked them to stop using plastics that cause so much trouble for the environment. Issues relating to environmental protection were put to him. With the help of his colleague Mr. IHOU Cossy, they brought some answers.
At the end of the conference-debate three people are interested in the institute to register and looked forward to being Earth Rights Institute. The speakers and Mr. OGOUVI IHOU invited the institution to create a Club environment for applying what was taught them. This proposal had the support of officials of the institution.
The meeting ended at 12:00. And the director of this institution offered a refreshment to the speakers.
On Thursday, March 24 from 10:00 GMT, after presenting the team to the conference-debate on the subject treated rights Earth Institute, Mr. Jean Marc BOYODI took the floor to present the context of Earth Right Institute at three points.
Following the presentation Mr. Kossi OGOUVI Aboewoudja spoke. From the outset the question was for students: what is the environment? Several definitions have been given by students. At the forefront of these definitions we found: the environment is what surrounds us is the environment of all animals and plants in which we live.
The second question was, why it is important to protect our environment? Several answers were given to the satisfaction of the public? To realize the event and make it more alive the theme a gesture of picking up bags of drinking water was initiated by the presenter. Without hesitation presenters, students and teachers began to collect garbage for the group in the 2 bins. Advice on environmental protection was provided by two colleagues who attended this effect.
The effect of easily biodegradable materials (plastics) on the environment was explained to the students. Like the teacher of history and geography, which recommended that these plastics are recycled, one student wanted the manufacturers change the packaging of drinking water by easily biodegradable materials and cease production of plastics. Colleagues who attended urged students to create a club environment within their institution.
Other questions were asked of students. Satisfactory answers were given by these students. These questions and answers have furnished the presentation of the first theme.
The second theme was actually presented by Mr. Jean Marc BOYODI. After a brief presentation of the land problem and poverty in the sub region and the world issues have emerged on the part of listeners. Why should people stop selling the land when it is poor? Responses as “the earth is a gift from God” or “by selling the land the vendor becomes poorer at the expense of the purchaser” does not seem to satisfy the audience.
The big debate was opened on the theme. Examples of poverty related to land have increased. The debate was lively between faculty and presenters. The students were convinced that the land belongs to rich families.
To close the debate ended at around 12 o'clock, we encouraged the teachers of the school complex Jean Jacques Rousseau to register and attend classes taught by Earth Right Institute. The panel discussion ended at 12:00 GMT.
Teacher, Valentin, Gilbert, OGOUVi Boyodi M.Jean Marc Audience