Natural Resource Conflicts

Natural Resources Conflicts by Liberty Oseni in Nigeria

The large quantity of natural resources also causes disagreement,
particularly during periods of explosion as each section of people
gets involved in the fight to have a share of the bonus and this seems
to be a universal scenario. Disagreements in excess of natural
resources are bound in all over especially when one takes a critical
look at the issues.

The sufficing examples are oil in Nigeria, diamonds in the Democratic Republic of Congo, land in Zimbabwe and water in the Horn of Africa. The struggle for possession, running, and
to be in charge of natural resources has displaced many settlements. This conflict has led to the destruction of many lives and properties.

In Nigeria, 19,000 men and more than 17,000 women and 17,000 children
were killed in 32 months, 53,787 deaths in all, 280,000 people were
forced to flee their homes, 25,000 houses were razed, and 1,300 herds
of cattle had been slaughtered during the battles as a result of the
violence in Plateau State emanating from land conflict.

In Niger Delta Region, the allotment of oil revenues and the ecological impact of oil
discovery have been grave to the disagreement in the region.
On Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahe Migration, extractive industry
reserves, and disputes over earth possession for decades convoluted
within Tuareg communities and their family members. In DR Congo, there
is a conflict over the mineral deposit there. In the East African
Community, there is Conflict over the Nile Resources. Conflicts over
the Nile River have provoked belligerent ambassadorial relations since
its running is fundamental and considered interest for the 10
countries that rely on the water to irrigate crops, power
hydroelectric dams, and sustain mounting populations.

Asia citizens have diverse uses for natural resources such as forests,
water, pastures and land. Water shortages joint with the unquenchable
demands of burgeoning populations, industry and agriculture has
brought conflicts in Asia. In Southeast Asia, violent conflicts
occurred as a struggle to forest resources and forest lands.
Governments and insurgent groups in numerous Asian countries have used
tropical timber to finance armed disagreement, whereas lower-level
disagreement over forests takes place in nearly all of the tropical
developing countries of the region.

One can now see that instead of natural resources being a blessing to
us it has turned out to be a curse on us. If this is not been checked,
the possibility is that the world may be consumed by the fracas which
conflicts over natural resources brings.
Policies and programes on how to tackle this emerging trend of
conflicts arising from the struggle for natural resources must change
if the world is to experience global peace.

Audu Liberty Oseni
Program Assistant
Center for Democracy and Development CDD Abuja, Nigeria
Holds Bsc Hons in Political Science from Nasarawa State University,
Keffi, Nigeria.
A graduate of Earth Rights Institute